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by shorting out electrical wiring, This species has caused fire. In a Sydney hospital the wiring has been severely damaged it caused an electrical blackout to a critical and large area of the hospital.
Map: Distribution of Coptotermes acinaciformis. Source: Australian Faunal Directory. Creative Commons licence: CC BY 3.0 AU
Coptotermes acinaciformis is found over the entire mainland, except and along some of the eastern shore, from Jervis
Bay in New South Wales to Cape Otway in Victoria.
C. frenchi and C. lacteus are similar species. Soldiers are 4.0-5.0mm long, which is smaller than C. acinaciformis, and their mind is pear shaped. They nest in tree trunks and attack sound timber, in mounds or in the ground . They're a major economic pest, but cause much less harm than C.
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Soldiers are 1 1-1 3 mm long, workers 10-1 1.5mm and alates around 3 5mm with 50mm wings. They have curved yellow to red brown heads and brief mandibles.
Mastotermes darwiniensis is seen as the very primitive termite species, using several cockroach-like characteristics which other termites don't have, such as laying its eggs in egg instances in bunches and having a anal lobe at the base of the hind wings of their alates (as shown in the picture below). .
Mastotermes darwiniensis nests are from the floor and it does not build mounds. Colonies aren't large in its natural locations, but they can have up to several million termites when food supplies are abundant. This is usually when human action supplies them with large resources of moisture and food.
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It doesn't occur in tropical rainforest areas. .
Mastotermes darwiniensis is the termite in Australia in terms of the goods that it may harm in agriculture and buildings along with the rapidity and degree of damage. Products assaulted include any type of wood structure, poles, railway sleepers, plant products such as woven fibres, paper, sugar, flour, a range of shrub species and agricultural crops, bone, leather, dung, plastic electric cable insulation, lead piping, bitumen, concrete. .
A major pest is in this genus, Cryptotermes brevis, that is an introduced invasive species which is described separately, and also a group of termite pest species which are described below:
C. cynocephalus, Indo-Malaysian drywood termite: The tiniest Cryptotermes species in Australia. Small colonies are formed by it and is of economic importance. Attacks sawn logs, wood and deadwood of trees. Soldier body length 2.5 3.7mm, head width seldom exceeding 1mm.
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C. domesticus: Occurs in northern Australia. Forms colonies and is a small pest. Has been discovered in structural lumber, packaging cases, flooring, doors, furniture in houses, logs. Soldier body length 3.2 5-5.90mm.
C. dudleyi: Pa DIL says it is not based on southern Australia but is frequently found infesting wooden crates on boats entering N. Australia.
C. primus: Located in north Queensland and coastal Regions of New South Wales. Types colonies that are small and can be a pest of buildings. Pa DIL reports it strikes timbers in buildings, such as beams, sticks, floorboards, skirtings, etc.. Soldier body span 4-6.5 mm.
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The West Indian drywood termite is indigenous to South America and among the very serious termite pests globally. As a drywood termite it doesnt need moisture to endure. It go to website may infest little, mobile pieces of timber, making it effortless to spread. A high number of colonies can a knockout post co-exist close each other at precisely the exact same building or part of timber, although colonies are modest at up to 1000 people.
Heterotermes ferox mainly does superficial damage on wood of poles, fences, posts, flooring and timber decking. It is usually of minor economic significance but occasionally damages sound wood. Colonies are small and subterranean but it may have colonies near together. Soldiers and workers are not competitive and slow moving when disturbed.
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Heterotermes ferox occurs in Australian Capital Territory and New South Wales. ABIS reports that the species is far more widespread, being found in southern Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia and southern Western Australia, and is the most frequently encountered species of Heterotermes in southern Queensland.